Gurudwaras

A gurdwara (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ, gurdu’ārā or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ, gurdvārā), meaning “the doorway to the Guru”, is the Sikh place of worship and may be referred to as a Sikh temple

Manipur

  • Sri Gurdwara Sahib Imphal

Manipur is a small State of Indian Union comprising an area of 22356 sq km with a population of 10,72,735 as per 1971 census and bounded on the north by Nagaland, on the east by Burma, on the South by Mizoram and on the west by the Cachar district of Assam.

Being a multi-religious State, Hindus, Muslims, Christians live in the State with Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists. Mr Brown, who was the British political agent while Manipur was an independent kingdom, narrated that several other foreigners reside in the valley as Hindustanis and Sikhs.

Though he did not mention the number of Sikhs living there then, but it is interesting to note that even in the later part of 18th century the Sikhs began to live in the Manipur valley lying in the Eastern border of India.

In Manipur Hindus belong to major religious group which constitutes about 59% of the people living in the State. The Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists together account for only 0.27 per cent.

Following is the data as per census of 1961 and 1971.

Punjab

Amritsar

Historic gurdwaras in the city and district of Amritsar include

  • Akal Takht

The Akal Takht (Punjabi: ਅਕਾਲ ਤਖ਼ਤ), meaning throne of the timeless one, is one of five takhts (seats of power) of the Sikh religion. It is located in the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) complex in Amritsar, Panjab, about 290 miles (470 km) northwest of New Delhi. The Akal Takht was built by Guru Hargobind as a place of justice and consideration of temporal issues; the highest seat of earthly authority of the Khalsa (the collective body of the Sikhs) and the place of the Jathedar, the highest spokesman of the Sikh Nation. The current Jathedar of Akal Takht is Jagtar Singh Hawara.

  • Gurdwara Baba Atal

Gurdwara Baba Atal is a famous Gurdwara of Amritsar. Many of the millions of pilgrims that visit the Harimandir Sahib every year do not realise that one of Amritsar’s finest architectural marvels and one of the Sikh religions most poignant places of worship is just a short walk from the famous Harimandir Sahib.

  • Gurdwara Baba Bakala

Baba Bakala is a historical town and Tehsil in the Amritsar district in Punjab, India

History

Baba Bakala is closely associated with the 9th Guru of Sikhs, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib. The Guru meditated here for full twenty six years nine months and thirteen days. There is a holy Gurudwara Sahib in his memory.

Baba Bakala was originally known as Bakkan-Wala turned Bakala because It was a mound, where deer (Bakk in persian) could be found grazing.EIGHTH sikh Guru Harkrishan Ji named Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji as the 9th Guru,who was a grand father(BABA) in relation with him, so he ushered Baba at Bakala, ultimately name of town transformed to Baba Bakala from Bakala.

Geography

Baba Bakala is located at 31°33′18″N 75°15′56″E, on Jalandhar-Batala road, in the Amritsar district of Indian Punjab only 40 km from the Amritsar city.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the town has a total population of 8,946 with 1,834 households, 4,697 males and 4,249 females. Thus males constitutes 52% and females 48% of the population with the sex ratio of 905 females per thousand males.

Religion

Sikhism is the main religion of the town. Other minorites includes Hinduism and Jainism. Bhullar Jatts and Shukla Pandits were the original inhabitants of the village when it was created. There were a few Muslim households as well, who migrated elsewhere and up until 1955 there was a Mosque as well. There is an Ancient Shiva Temple in the middle of the town which still exists. During the Militancy Era, many Hindu families migrated out of the town and the look of the place started to change.

Politics

Baba Bakala Sahib’s constituency is mainly led by the Shiromani Akali Dal Party. Many leaders like Jathedar Jiwan Singh Umra Nangal ex revenue minister and Sgpc member, Jathedar Joginder Singh Nahra, Jathedar Sohan Singh Jallausman, Shaheed Darshan Singh Pheruman Jathedar Dalip Singh Mehta belonged to this constituency. These politicians played a large role in the politics of Punjab. Parties like Indian National Congress Party, have also been in power but not as frequently as the Shiromani Akali Dal Party. Jathedar Jiwan Singh Umra nangal laid the foundation stone of sub division (tehsil) of baba bakala sahib.

  • Gurdwara Baba Budha Ji

Baba Buddha ji was a most venerated primal figure of early Sikhism, was born on 6 October 1506 at the village of Katthu Nangal, 18 km northeast of Amritsar. Bura, as he was originally named, was the only son of Bhai Suggha, a Jatt of Randhava clan, and Mai Gauran, born into a Sandhu family.

As a small boy, he was one day grazing cattle outside the village when Guru Nanak happened to pass by. According to Bhai Mani Singh, Sikhan di Bhagat Mala, Bura went up to him and, making obeisance with a bowl of milk as his offering, prayed to him in this manner: “O sustainer of the poor! I am fortunate to have had a sight of you today. Absolve me now from the circuit of birth and death.” The Guru said, You are only a child yet. But you talk so wisely.” “some soldiers set up camp by our village,” replied Bura, “and they mowed down all our crops – ripe as well as unripe. Then it occurred to me that, when no one could check these indiscriminating soldiers, who would restrain Death from laying his hand upon us, young or old.” At this Guru Nanak pronounced the words: “You are not a child; you possess the wisdom of an old man.” From that day, Bura, came to be known as Bhai Buddha, buddha in Punjabi meaning an old man, and later, when advanced in years, as Baba Buddha.

  • Gurdwara Bir Baba Buddha

Gurdwara Beed Baba Budda Sahib is situated on Chaabal – Amritsar road near village Jhabal Kalan in district Amritsar Punjab India. Baba Buddha ji spent much of his life here. Guru Arjan Dev also visited this place at some stage.

Also known as Gurudwara Bir Baba Buddha, this is situated in the revenue limits of the village of Thatta, 20 km south of Amritsar. The shrine honours and commemorates Baba Buddha (1506 – 1631), the venerable Sikh of the time of Guru Nanak who lived long enough to anoint five succeeding Gurus.

He spent many years looking after the “bir”, literally a reserved forest used for cattle grazing, said to have been offered to Guru Arjan by Chaudhari Langah of Patti out of his private lands. According to Gurbilas Chhevin Patshahi, it was here on 21 Assu 1651 Bk/20 September 1594, that Mata Ganga the wife of Guru Arjan, received blessings for an illustrious son (the future Guru Har Gobind, Nanak VI) from Baba Buddha.

  • Gurdwara Sri Tarn Taran Sahib

Gurdwara Sri Tarn Taran Sahib is a gurdwara established by the fifth guru, Guru Arjan Dev, in the city of Tarn Taran Sahib, Punjab, India. The site has the distinction of having the largest sarovar (water pond) of all the gurdwaras. It is famous for the monthly gathering of pilgrims on the day of Amavas (a no-moon night). It is near Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar.

  • Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple)

Sri Harmandir Sahib (The abode of God) (Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ), also Sri Darbar Sahib (Punjabi: ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ, Punjabi pronunciation: [dəɾbɑɾ sɑhɪb]) and informally referred to as the “Golden Temple”, is the holiest Gurdwara of Sikhism, located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India. Amritsar (literally, the tank of nectar of immortality) was founded in 1577 by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das. The fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan, designed the Harmandir Sahib to be built in the centre of this holy tank, and upon its construction, installed the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhism, inside the Harmandir Sahib. The Harmandir Sahib complex is also home to the Akal Takht (the throne of the timeless one, constituted by the Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind). While the Harmandir Sahib is regarded as the abode of God’s spiritual attribute, the Akal Takht is the seat of God’s temporal authority.

The construction of Harmandir Sahib was intended to build a place of worship for men and women from all walks of life and all religions to come and worship God equally. Accordingly, as a gesture of this non-sectarian universalness of Sikhism, Guru Arjan had specially invited Muslim Sufi saint, Hazrat Mian Mir to lay the foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib. The four entrances (representing the four directions) to get into the Harmandir Sahib also symbolise the openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions. Over 100,000 people visit the holy shrine daily for worship, and also partake jointly in the free community kitchen and meal (Langar) regardless of any distinctions, a tradition that is a hallmark of all Sikh Gurdwaras.

The present-day gurdwara was renovated in 1764 by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia with the help of other Sikh Misls. In the early nineteenth century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh secured the Punjab region from outside attack and covered the upper floors of the gurdwara with gold, which gives it its distinctive appearance and its English name.

 

Share This: